Fantastic, isn't it, all those phrases that we use that were invented by Shakespeare?
EXCEPT THEY WEREN'T!!! Sorry for shouting, but this really bugs me, not least because it takes hours to check all these things in the OED, whereas it takes milliseconds to share this video. And no, this blog post won't get the 45,000+ shares that the original Telegraph posting of this video did. But for you, dear readers, I did the work, and here are the words and phrases which this video claims were created by Shakespeare THAT AREN'T!! (sorry, shouting again, I know it's rude).
Below is all pre-Shakespeare evidence for these words. Please make it stop.
For more on this problem see this post and this one.
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Greek to me
1603 T. Dekker et al. Patient Grissill sig. C, Far... Asking for some greeke Poet, to him he falles..but Ile be sworne he knowes not so much as one Character of the tongue. Ric. Why then its greeke to him.
Play fast and loose
1557 Earl of Surrey et al. Songes & Sonettes (new ed.) f. 64 (heading) Of a new maried studient that plaied fast or lose.
1529 T. More Dialogue Heresyes i, in Wks. 107/2 He is of nature nothing tonge tayed.
1571 A. Golding tr. J. Calvin Psalmes of Dauid with Comm. (iii. 5) He himselfe was not tungtyde, but rather lifted up his voyce
tower of strength
1549 Bk. Common Prayer (STC 16267) Matrimonie f. xv*v, O lorde..Bee vnto them a tower of strength.
1562 Apol. Priv. Masse (1850) 10 Will you enforce women to hoodwink themselves in the church?
a1600 R. Hooker Of Lawes Eccl. Politie (1648) vi. 99 Had it pleased him not to hud-winck his own knowledge, I nothing doubt but hee fully saw how to answer himselfe.
3. fig. To blindfold mentally; to prevent (any one) from seeing the truth or fact; to ‘throw dust in the eyes’ of, deceive, humbug.
1610 J. Healey tr. St. Augustine Citie of God xxi. viii. 848 Let not the faithlesse therefore hood-winck them-selues in the knowledge of nature.
1585 J. Foxe Serm. 2 Cor. v. 21 In this pickle lyeth man by nature, that is, all wee that be Adams children.
c1405 (▸c1395) Chaucer Squire's Tale (Hengwrt) (2003) l. 585 That I made vertu of necessitee And took it wel syn þt it moste be.
▸?a1500 R. Henryson tr. Æsop Fables: Wolf & Wether l. 2564 in Poems (1981) 95 Quhether call ȝe this fair play or nocht.
1542 N. Udall tr. Erasmus Apophthegmes f. 316, A good vigilaunt Consul..whiche never slept one wynke duryng..his Consulship.
1571 A. Golding tr. J. Calvin Psalmes of Dauid with Comm. (x. 14) We receive but cold comfort of whatsoever the Scripture speaketh.
1462 W. Paston in Paston Lett. & Papers (2004) I. 167, I wold nat be in a folis paradyce.
Have seen better days
c1590 Sir T. More iv. v. 86 But we..Hauing seene better dayes, now know the lack Of glorie that once rearde eche high-fed back.
a1535 T. More Dialoge of Comfort (1553) i. xiv. sig. C.viiv, She telleth hym then that it is but early dayes, and he shall come tyme ynough.
Bag and baggage
1525 Ld. Berners tr. J. Froissart Chron. I. cccxx. 497 So all the men of warre within departed with bag and baggage.
c1400 (▸?a1387) Langland Piers Plowman (Huntington HM 137) (1873) C. xix. l. 139 Til plenitudo temporis hih tyme a-prochede.
a1450 (▸c1412) T. Hoccleve De Regimine Principum (Harl. 4866) l. 1990 (MED), Go home to þi mete, It is hy tyme.
1518 H. Watson tr. Hystorye Olyuer of Castylle xxx. sig. G. iijv, It was hyghe tyme to goo in to the courte.
The long and the short
a1500 Merchant & Son l. 46 in W. C. Hazlitt Remains Early Pop. Poetry Eng. (1864) I. 135 Thys ys the schorte and longe.
The game is up
1599 ‘T. Cutwode’ Caltha Poetarum sig. E7, The scantlin won, the winners must cry whup, The goale is got, and now the game is vp.
a1500 (▸?a1450) Gesta Romanorum (Harl. 7333) 248 The lion wolde have I-made a foule pleye withe þe lorde & withe þe lady.
Set someone`s teeth on edge
1535 Bible (Coverdale) Jer. xxxi. 29 Ye fathers haue eaten a sower grape, and the childrens teth are set on edge.
Without rhyme or reason
1531 Tyndale Answere Mores Dialoge f. lvii, For appose her now of christ, as scripture testifieth of him, and thou shalt finde her clene without ryme or reason.
c1525 J. Rastell Away Mourning (single sheet) I haue her lost, For all my cost, yet for all that I trowe I haue perchaunce, A fayre ryddaunce, And am quyt of a shrew.
Send someone packing
c1580 tr. Bugbears v. vii. 28 in Archiv f. das Studium der Neueren Sprachen (1897) 99 50, I sent the knaves packinge.
Dead as a doornail
1362 Langland Piers Plowman A. i. 161 Fey withouten fait is febelore þen nouȝt, And ded as a dore-nayl.
1530 J. Rastell New Bk. Purgatory iii. viii. sig. g, Ye spottes..be..a great deformyte & eye sore.
?1518 A. Barclay tr. D. Mancinus Myrrour Good Maners sig. Aiv, Thynge nat lesse vyler, is to be ignorant Of maners vncomly: ageynst all honeste As fable or laughyng stocke, of lewdest commonte.
1395 J. Purvey Remonstr. (1851) 53 A sone of perdicioun, and a devil incarnat othir in flesh.
?1545 J. Bale 2nd Pt. Image Both Churches ii. xvi. sig. P.ij, As cruellye harted and as bloudye mynded are they yet as euer they were afore.
1935 J. Agate in Sunday Times 17 Mar. 6/2 A man says to a presumed lady, ‘What a bloody-minded woman you are!’(earliest for the common figurative sense)
1575 R. B. Apius & Virginia sig. Biijv, By Ioue master Marchant..Would get but smale argent, if I did not stand, His very good master.
1536 in J. Strype Eccl. Mem. (1721) I. xxxvi. 282 [He said, to what she had spoken, as it seems, in her own defence] Tut, tut, tut [and shaking his head three or four times].
What the dickens
1599 T. Heywood 1st Pt. King Edward IV sig. E3, What the dickens is it loue that makes ye prate to me so fondly.